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Table 5 Logistic regression for factors predicting adherence to COVID-19 precautionary behavior in health sciences female university students, KSA, June–July 2020

From: Assessment of perceived risk and precautionary behavior toward COVID-19 pandemic using the health belief model, Saudi Arabia

Variable B Wald P value Β 95% C.I. for β
Lower Upper
Knowledge level .001 .000 .999 1.001 .575 1.742
Perceived susceptibility − .069 .060 .807 .93 .536 1.625
Perceived severity − .018 .004 .949 .98 .559 1.725
Perceived barriers − .264 .576 .448 .768 .389 1.518
Perceived benefits .617 4.298 .038* 1.85 1.034 3.320
Perceived self-efficacy .291 .887 .346 1.34 .730 2.451
Perceived cues to action .723 5.560 .018* 2.060 1.130 3.756
  1. *P ≤ 0.05 is significance, B unstandardized beta “regression coefficient,” β standardized beta