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Table 4 Correlation between COVID-19 precautionary preventive behavior, related knowledge, and constructs of the health belief model among health sciences students

From: Assessment of perceived risk and precautionary behavior toward COVID-19 pandemic using the health belief model, Saudi Arabia

Variables Correlation results for the variables
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1. Precautionary behavior 1         
2. Risk perception 0.54b 1        
3. Knowledge 0.26b 0.19b 1       
4. Perceived susceptibility 0.07 0.29b − 0.07 1      
5. Perceived severity 0.005 0.39 − 0.16b 0.12 1     
6. Perceived barriers − 0.52b − 0.77b − 0.23b 0.12a 0.13a 1    
7. Perceived benefits 0.25b 0.42b 0.16b 0.06 0.09 − 0.14 1   
8. Perceived self-efficacy 0.41b 0.58b 0.28b − 0.40 − 0.33 0.43b 0.19b 1  
9. Cues to action 0.31b 0.46b 0.12a 0.08 0.02 − 0.27b 0.23b 0.34b 1
  1. aCorrelation is significant at 0.05 level
  2. bCorrelation is significant at 0.01 level