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Table 2 Adherence to COVID-19 precautionary health behavior according to sociodemographic characteristics of the students of health sciences university in Princess Nourah University, 2020 (n = 286)

From: Assessment of perceived risk and precautionary behavior toward COVID-19 pandemic using the health belief model, Saudi Arabia

Characteristics Study groups Total
No. (%)
𝛘2 test P value OR (95%CI)
Level of adherence to precautionary behavior
Satisfactory
No. (%)
Unsatisfactory
No. (%)
Age groups(years)
 ≤ 20 68 (61.8) 42 (38.2) 110 (38.5) 2.89 .24 1
 21–22 57 (57.6) 42 (42.4) 99 (34.6) 1.19(0.66-2.16)
 ≥ 23 38 (49.4) 39 (50.6) 77 (26.9) 1.66(0.88-3.13)
 χ ± SD 21.6±2.5  
Year finished in college
 1st year 27 (77.1) 8 (22.9) 35 (12.2) 10.1 a .018* 1
 2nd year 73 (55.3) 58 (44.7) 132 (46.2) 0.72 (0.39–1.33)
 3rd year 45 (59.2) 31 (40.8) 76 (26.6) 0.77 (0.39–1.50)
 4th year 118 (41.9) 25 (58.1) 43 (15.0) 0.59 (0.24–1.22)
Type of college
 CHSR 78 (56.5) 60 (43.5) 138 (48.3) 4.54 a .324 1
 Medicine 24 (58.5) 17 (41.5) 41 (14.3) 2.22 (1.16–4.24)
 Density 18 (66.7) 9 (33.3) 27 (9.4) 0.65 (0.25–1.66)
 Pharmacy 13 (72.2) 5 (27.8) 18 (6.3) 0.50 (0.15–1.62)
 Nursing 30 (48.4) 32 (51.6) 62 (21.7) 1.39 (0.73–2.64)
Marital state
 Married 18 (57.8) 17 (42.2) 35 (12.2) 0.51 .59 1
 Not married 145 (51.4) 106 (48.6) 251 (87.8) 1.29 (0.64–2.62)
Having children
 No 160 (59.9) 107 (40.1) 267 (93.4) 14.05 < .001* 1
 Yes 3 (15.8) 16 (84.2) 21 (6.6) 7.97 (2.26–28.77)
Family income (SR ):
 < 10,000 46 (55.4) 37 (44.6) 83 (29.0) 3.66 .16 1
 10,000–20,000 66 (64.1) 37 (35.9) 103 (36.0) 0.70 (0.37–1.31)
 > 20,000 51 (51.0) 49 (49.0) 100 (35.0) 1.19 (0.64–2.24)
Total 163 (57.0) 123 (43.0) 286 (100.0)    
  1. *P ≤ 0.05 is significance
  2. acalculated using fisher test
  3. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, CHSR College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences