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Table 3 Univariate logistic regression analysis of potential factors associated with compliance with PPE, hand hygiene, and IPC measures among nurses at Alexandria Main University Hospital, 2021 (n-354)

From: Nurses’ perception and compliance with personal protective equipment and hand hygiene during the third wave of COVID-19 pandemic

  Poor compliance (n= 64) Good compliance (n=290) OR (95% CI) p value
No. % No. %
Gender
 Man 2 3.5 32 11.8 3.6 (0.8, 15.8) 0.081
 Woman^ 55 96.5 240 88.2   
Level of education
 Nursing school^ 51 79.7 186 64.1   
 Nursing Institute/University 13 20.3 104 35.9 2.2 (1.1, 4.2) 0.019*
History of COVID-19 disease
 No 36 56.3 171 59.0 1.1 (0.6, 1.9) 0.690
 Yes^ 28 43.8 119 41.0   
Colleague/relative had COVID-19 disease
 No 1 1.6 2 0.7 2.0 (0.1, 35.8) 0.638
 Yes, recovered 60 93.8 285 98.3 4.7 (0.9, 24.1) 0.060
 Yes, died^ 3 4.7 3 1.0 Ref -
Department
 Internal medicine 23 35.9 110 37.9 1.1 (0.6, 1.9) 0.766
 Surgical & emergency^ 41 64.1 180 62.1   
Working hours per day (hours)
 ≤ 8 52 81.3 220 75.9 0.7 (0.4, 1.4) 0.357
 > 8^ 12 18.8 70 24.1   
Work schedule
 Day time 41 64.1 154 53.1 0.6 (0.4, 1.1) 0.112
 Shift work^ 23 35.9 136 46.9   
Training on PPE usage & hand hygiene
 No 11 17.2 42 14.5 0.8 (0.4, 1.8) 0.759
 Yes^ 53 82.8 248 85.5   
Knowledge
 Min-Max 4–8 4–8   
\(\kern1em \overline{x}\) ± SD 5.3 ± 1.04 6.5 ± 0.9 2.8 (2.1, 3.7) <0.001***
Perception
 Min-Max 19–45 28–45   
\(\kern1em \overline{x}\) ± SD 39.35 ± 4.7 41.3 ± 2.9 1.1 (1.07, 1.2) <0.001***
Age (years)
 Min-Max 20–59 20–59   
\(\kern1em \overline{x}\) ± SD 41.9 ± 11.1 37.6 ± 10.6 0.96 (0.9, 0.98) 0.005***
Employment duration (years)
 Min-Max 1.5–40 1.5–40   
\(\kern1em \overline{x}\) ± SD 21.5 ± 11.6 17.6 ± 11.1 0.97 (0.9, 0.99) 0.013**
  1. Abbreviations: PPE Personal protective equipment, IPC infection prevention and control, \(\overline{x}\), mean; SD standard deviation, CI Confidence interval
  2. ^reference category
  3. *p≤0.05; **p>0.01; ***p>0.001