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Table 4 Relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and mean Ways of Coping Scale (WSC) subscale scores during COVID-19 in Egypt

From: Psychological distress related to the emerging COVID-19 pandemic and coping strategies among general population in Egypt

Sociodemographic data Problem-focused coping Emotional coping
Mean SD p value Mean SD p value
Sex    0.189 a    0.284 a
 Male 3.6 0.8 3.4 0.4
 Female 3.8 1 3.4 0.4
Employment    **< 0.001a    0.059 a
 Employed 3.8 0.8 3.3 0.4
 Not employed 3.3 0.9 3.4 0.4
Work field    **< 0.001b    **< 0.001 b
 Governmental sector 4.2 0.6 3.3 0.4
 Private sector 3.8 0.7 3.5 0.4
 Daily worker 2.6 0.7 3.2 0.3
Working in the healthcare sector    **< 0.001a    0.054 a
 Yes 4.6 0.4 3.2 0.4
 No 3.6 0.9 3.4 0.4
Residence    **< 0.001a    0.374 a
 Urban 4.1 0.5 3.4 0.4
 Rural 3 0.8 3.3 0.4
Monthly income    **< 0.001a    0.182 a
 Sufficient 4 0.6 3.4 0.4
 Insufficient 3.2 1 3.3 0.4
Marital status    **< 0.001b    **< 0.001 b
 Single 3.5 0.8 3.6 0.4
 Married 3.8 0.8 3.3 0.4
 Divorced 4.4 0.8 3.6 0.3
 Widow 2.9 1.1 3.3 0.4
Number of family members    **< 0.001b    0.691 b
 2–4 4 0.8 3.4 0.4
 5–7 3.5 0.8 3.4 0.4
 ≥ 8 2.6 0.9 3.4 0.4
Age (Spearman’s correlation coefficient) − 0.105   0.064 c − 0.198   **< 0.001 c
Educational level (Spearman’s correlation coefficient) 0.52   **< 0.001c 0.088   0.120 c
  1. aIndependent t-test was used
  2. **Significant at the 0.01 level (two-tailed)
  3. bOne-way analysis of variance was used
  4. **Significant at the 0.01 level (two-tailed)
  5. cSpearman’s correlation was used
  6. **Significant at the 0.01 level (two-tailed)
  7. SD standard deviation