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Table 3 Association between sociodemographic factors and psychological distress scores during COVID-19, Egypt, 2020

From: Psychological distress related to the emerging COVID-19 pandemic and coping strategies among general population in Egypt

Sociodemographic data n Mean SD p value
Sex     **< 0.001a
 Male 179 24.9 8.8
 Female 133 28.6 9.8
Employment     **< 0.001a
 Employed 220 27.9 9.2
 Not employed 92 23.3 9.3
Work field     0.221 b
 Governmental sector 94 28.7 10.2
 Private sector 99 27.8 8.2
 Daily worker 27 25.2 8.3
Working in the health care sector     **< 0.001a
 Yes 34 36.3 7.4
 No 278 25.3 9
Residence location     **0.001a
 Urban 192 27.9 8.8
 Rural 120 24.3 9.9
Monthly income     **< 0.001a
 Sufficient 189 25.1 9
 Insufficient 123 28.7 9.7
Marital status     0.305 b
 Single 66 26.1 8
 Married 224 26.5 9.6
 Divorced 7 33 4
 Widow 15 25.4 13.2
Number of family members     0.120 b
 2–4 141 28.2 8.7
 5–7 151 25.2 9.7
 ≥ 8 20 24.4 10.2
Age (Spearman’s correlation coefficient) = − 0.156 **0.006 c
Educational level (Spearman’s correlation coefficient) = 0.055 0.330 c
  1. ** Significant at the 0.01 level (two-tailed)
  2. n number, SD standard deviation
  3. aIndependent t test was used
  4. ** Significant at the 0.01 level (two-tailed)
  5. bOne-way analysis of variance was used
  6. cSpearman's correlation was used