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Table 6 Predictors of perceiving internalized shame among the studied health care providers, Egypt (2020)

From: Worry from contracting COVID-19 infection and its stigma among Egyptian health care providers

Variable Unadjusted Adjusted (R2 = 0.28)
ß 95% CI P value ß 95% CI P value
Age (< 30 years) 0.26 − 0.06–0.59 0.11 − 0.21 − 0.51–0.10 0.188
Gender (female) − 0.03 − 0.38–0.32 0.86 − 0.14 − 0.45–0.17 0.376
Occupation (doctors) 0.70 0.33–1.06 < 0.001 0.33 − 0.02–0.68 0.068
Experience years (< 4 years) 0.27 − 0.05–0.60 0.10    
Primarily work in ED, ICU, or infectious diseases dep. (yes) − 0.49 − 0.82 to − 0.16 0.004 − 0.15 − 0.48–0.17 0.355
Experience in working during a previous pandemic (no) 0.73 0.32-1.14 < 0.001 0.42 0.03–0.81 0.036
Availability of institutional psychological/mental health support (no) 0.23 − 0.15–0.62 0.23    
Personal expectation about COVID-19 (severe disease) 0.25 − 0.16–0.66 0.23    
Worry from contracting COVID-19 at work (severe worry) 0.97 0.64–1.30 < 0.001 0.28 − 0.04–0.61 0.084
Knowledge score − .149 − 0.32–0.02 0.09    
Discrimination intent score − 0.16 − 0.19 to − 0.13 < 0.001 − 0.14 − 0.17 to −0.10 < 0.001
Impact stigma score 0.17 0.13–0.20 < 0.001 0.17 0.13–0.201 < 0.001
  1. ED emergency department, ICU intensive care unit, COVID-19 coronavirus disease-2019
  2. Bold values: statistically significant at P value < 0.05