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Table 4 Predictors of severe worry of contracting COVID-19 infection at work among the studied health care providers, Egypt (2020)

From: Worry from contracting COVID-19 infection and its stigma among Egyptian health care providers

Variable Unadjusted logistic regression Adjusted logistic regression
  Odds ratio 95% CI P value Odds ratio 95% CI P value
Age (< 30 years) 1.55 1.09–2.21 0.01 1.30 0.87–1.96 0.200
Gender (female) 1.16 0.79–1.70 0.43 0.88 0.57–1.37 0.572
Marital status (married) 1.22 0.86–1.726 0.25    
Occupation (doctors) 1.19 0.80–1.76 0.38    
Years of experience (< 4 years) 1.36 0.96–1.92 0.08    
Primarily work in ED, ICU, or infectious diseases dep. (yes) 1.29 0.90–1.83 0.15    
Experience in working during a previous pandemic (no) 1.47 0.93–2.32 0.09    
Exposure to at least one person who has been diagnosed or had symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 infection (yes) 0.81 0.56–1.18 0.28    
Receiving any training about COVID-19 (no) 1.21 0.84–1.75 0.29    
Receive appropriate guidelines on updated procedures related to personal safety to follow at work (no) 1.85 1.27–2.69 0.001 1.27 0.81–1.98 0.293
Employer provision of adequate PPE (no) 1.93 1.36–2.74 < 0.001 1.23 0.81–1.87 0.325
Availability of institutional psychological/mental health support (no) 1.50 0.97–2.31 0.06    
Being redirected to activities related to COVID-19 (yes) 0.95 0.65–01.39 0.80    
Personal perception of  COVID-19 (severe disease) (severe) 1.78 1.11–2.87 0.017 1.99 1.17–3.39 0.011
Thinking that COVID-19 will finally be successfully controlled (no) 2.56 1.74–3.76 < 0.001 1.70 1.04–2.76 0.033
Confidence that Egypt can control the epidemic (no) 2.25 1.58–3.22 < 0.001 1.43 0.91–2.25 0.119
Underestimating dangerous effect of COVID-19 on general health in its early days (no) 1.48 1.04–2.10 0.02 1.30 0.88–1.93 0.188
Probability of work continuation during COVID-19 pandemic if she/he is fit/well? (unlikely) 2.96 2.03–4.31 < 0.001 1.88 1.21–2.91 0.005
Knowledge score 0.97 0.81–1.77 0.80    
Discrimination intent score 0.85 0.81–0.88 < 0.001 0.88 0.84–0.93 < 0.001
Impact stigma score 1.10 1.05–1.15 < 0.001 1.08 1.03–1.14 0.003
Internalized shame scale 1.29 1.17–1.413 < 0.001 1.03 0.92–1.16 0.560
  1. ED emergency department, ICU intensive care unit, COVID-19 coronavirus disease-2019, PPE personal protective equipment
  2. Bold values: statistically significant at P value < 0.05