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Table 3 Biochemical effects of tested pyrethroids on some enzymes activity in C. pipiens larvae after 24 h of the treatment with LC50 of each compound

From: Enhanced mosquitocidal efficacy of pyrethroid insecticides by nanometric emulsion preparation towards Culex pipiens larvae with biochemical and molecular docking studies

Treatment Type of formulation Specific activity (OD mg protein1 min) ± SE
ATPase CaE GST
Untreated sample 1.40 ± 0.04 3.31 ± 0.01 2.70 ± 0.27
Alpha-cypermethrin T 0.86 ± 0.02 5.06 ± 0.15 5.31 ± 0.70
EC 1.38 ± 0.01 7.02 ± 0.50 7.54 ± 0.88
NE 1.18 ± 0.00 4.53 ± 0.25 11.94 ± 0.84
Deltamethrin T 0.69 ± 0.02 3.44 ± 0.19 5.49 ± 0.60
EC 0.77 ± 0.04 3.63 ± 0.71 5.63 ± 0.80
NE 0.75 ± 0.03 4.12 ± 0.09 5.90 ± 0.30
Lambda-cyhalothrin T 0.62 ± 0.05 1.51 ± 0.09 4.57 ± 0.48
EC 1.19 ± 0.02 3.32 ± 0.10 6.55 ± 0.85
NE 1.03 ± 0.01 3.35 ± 0.01 6.15 ± 0.45
Permethrin T 0.64 ± 0.00 2.31 ± 0.09 6.32 ± 0.59
EC 0.83 ± 0.13 2.66 ± 0.08 7.85 ± 0.44
NE 0.50 ± 0.01 3.37 ± 0.12 7.86 ± 0.37
  1. T technical, EC emulsifiable concentrate, NE nanoemulsion, OD optical density, SE standard error, ATPase adenosine triphosphatase, CaE carboxylesterase, GST glutathione-S-transferase