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Table 3 Reported discipline practice of parents toward their children during COVID-19 pandemic using adapted ICAST-P in Sohag governorate, Egypt, 2020

From: Impact of COVID-19 pandemic and related isolation measures on violence against children in Egypt

Practice Respondents (%)
(Total no. = 1118)
Non-violent discipline 1094 (97.9)
 1. Explained 308 (28.2)
 2. Told to stop something 312 (28.5)
 3. Time out 247 (22.5)
 8. Distracted 127 (11.6)
 23. Took away privileges 100 (9.2)
Moderate physical discipline 768 (68.7)
 4. Shook child (>2 years) 193 (25.2)
 6. Hit on buttocks w/object 99 (12.9)
 7. Hit elsewhere w/object 85 (11)
 9. Twisted ear 84 (10.9)
 10. Knuckled back of head 77 (10)
 11. Pulled hair 83 (10.8)
 16. Othersa 0
 17. Painful kneel/stand 20 (2.6)
 19. Spanked on buttocks w/bare hands 33 (4.3)
 20. Spanked elsewhere w/bare hands 45 (5.9)
 25. Pinched 26 (3.5)
 26. Slapped face/back of head 23 (2.9)
Severe physical discipline 483 (43.2)
 5. Shook child (< 2 years) 135 (28)
 15. Kicked 89 (18.4)
 21. Choked 76 (15.7)
 30. Smother 58 (12)
 31. Othersa 0
 32. Beat up 64 (13.3)
 33. Threaten with knife or gun 61 (12.6)
 35. Othersa 0
Psychological discipline 992# (88.7)
 12. Threatened to abandon 134 (13.5)
 13. Shouted 181 (18.2)
 14. Threatened to invoke spirits 107 (10.8)
 18. Cursed 23 (2.3)
 22. Threatened to send away 121 (12.2)
 24. Insulted 151 (15.3)
 27. Refused to speak 51 (5.2)
 28. Withhold food 103 (10.3)
 29. Told you wished he/she never born 100 (10.1)
 34. Lock in a dark room 21 (2.1)
Violent discipline 1012 (90.5)
  1. aChili pepper mouth, burn, and gave drug or alcohol
  2. #The sum does not add to 100 because of multiple responses