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Table 3 Product availability, cultural acceptability, and geographical accessibility to PHC units providing essential drug list to rural and urban groups during the study period (2019)

From: Perspectives of pharmaceutical stakeholders on determinants of medicines accessibility at the primary care level

Product availability Residence P value**
Rural unit Urban unit
Median (min.‑max.) Median (min.‑max.)
No. of drugs prescribed 2 (1‑7) 3 (1‑8) ˂ 0.001
No. of drugs dispensed 1 (0‑3) 2 (0‑6) ˂ 0.001
Percent of drugs dispensed 50 (0‑100) 66.7 (0‑100) 0.984
No. of visits in the previous 3 months 4 (1‑15) 3 (1‑20) 0.012
No. of visits during which patients found all the prescribed drugs 1 (0‑9) 1 (0‑15) 0.552
Percent of visits where all drugs were found 27.5 (0‑100) 33.3 (0‑100) 0.645
Geographical accessibility  
(N = 138) (%) (N = 138) (%) P value*
Less than an hour 137 (99.3) 138 (100) 1
More than an hour 1 (0.7) 0 (0)
Cultural acceptability
A belief that herbal treatment is better than drugs
  Yes 42 (30.4) 31 (22.5) 0.197
  No 96 (69.6) 107 (77.5)
A belief that private pharmacies drugs are better than PHC drugs
  Yes 33 (23.9) 14 (10.2) 0.009
  No 105 (76.1) 124 (89.8)
  1. *P value was calculated using chi-square test
  2. **P value was calculated using the Mann-Whitney test P value is statistically significant < 0.05