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Table 7 Mean difference of anthropometric and laboratory characteristics before and after the intervention according to compliance with physical exercise

From: Effect of a weight loss program on serum adiponectin and insulin resistance among overweight and obese premenopausal females

Mean difference in the variables (after-before) intervention No exercise, n = 41 Irregular exercise, n = 44 Regular exercise, n = 10 Sig. F P value
Weight (kg) − 9.48 − 9.59 − 7.23 0.963 0.385
Body mass index, kg/m2 − 3.58 − 3.65 − 2.75 0.947 0.392
Waist circumference, cm − 8.32 − 8.66 − 6.90 0.576 0.564
Waist-hip ratio (WHR) − 0.032 − 0.026 − 0.029 0.096 0.908
Waist-height ratio (WHtR) − 0.051 − 0.053 − 0.043 0.565 0.570
Body fat percentage − 3.27 − 4.20 − 2.77 1.786 0.173
Body muscle percentage 1.44 2.04 1.33 1.602 0.207
Body water percentage 2.39 3.06 2.03 1.817 0.168
Serum total adiponectin (μg/ml) 5.34 5.03 5.54 0.046 0.955
Fasting serum glucose (mg/dl) − 1.59 − 0.89 0.00 0.068 0.935
Fasting serum insulin (μIU/ml) − 3.19 − 2.36 − 1.35 1.013 0.367
HOMA-IR − 0.41 − 0.30 − 0.18 1.021 0.364
  1. Abbreviations: F variation between sample means/variation within the samples in the ANOVA test, HOMA-IR Homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance, N/A Not applicable