Skip to main content

Table 1 Anthropometric and laboratory characteristics of the sample of overweight and obese women before and after the intervention (n = 95), Alexandria, Egypt, 2016-2017

From: Effect of a weight loss program on serum adiponectin and insulin resistance among overweight and obese premenopausal females

Characteristics  Before, mean ± SD After, mean ± SD Percent of change (%) td P value
Weight, kg 94.4 ± 18.5 85.1 ± 16.9 − 9.7 18.185 < 0.001*
Body mass index, kg/m2 35.8 ± 6.9 32.3 ± 6.2 − 9.7 18.118 < 0.001*
Waist circumference, cm 100.9 ± 12.4 92.6 ± 11.5 − 8.2 17.425 < 0.001*
Waist-hip ratio (WHR) 1.03 ± 0.07 1.00 ± 0.08 − 2.7 5.056 < 0.001*
Waist-height ratio (WHtR) 0.62 ± 0.079 0.57 ± 0.075 − 8.2 17.609 < 0.001*
Body fat percent, % 47.4 ± 4.4 43.7 ± 5.4 − 7.8 12.837 < 0.001*
Body muscle percent, % 29.0 ± 2.3 30.7 ± 2.8 + 6.0 9.742 < 0.001*
Body water percent, % 38.6 ± 3.1 41.2 ± 3.9 + 6.9 13.124 < 0.001*
Serum total adiponectin (μg/ml) 13.3 ± 4.9 18.5 ± 5.6 + 50.2 8.701 < 0.001*
Fasting serum glucose (mg/dl) 89.9 ± 12.1 88.8 ± 12.1 − 0.22 0.813 0.418
Fasting serum insulin (μIU/ml) 10.3 ± 5.6 7.7 ± 3.3 − 13.6 6.376 < 0.001*
HOMA-IR 1.3 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.4 − 13.7 6.338 < 0.001*
  1. SI conversion factors: to convert glucose from mg/dl to mmol/l, multiply by 0.0555; and insulin from μIU/ml to pmol/l, multiply by 7.175
  2. Abbreviations: td t Difference in paired t test, HOMA-IR Homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance
  3. *Statistically significant