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Table 1 Acne among secondary school-aged adolescents, Alexandria, Egypt, 2016

From: Acne vulgaris: prevalence, severity, and impact on quality of life and self-esteem among Egyptian adolescents

  Overall, n (%) Male, n (%) Female, n (%) p value
Self-reported acne (n = 787) 0.009*
Yes 273 (34.69) 120 (30.30) 153 (39.13)
No 514 (65.31) 276 (69.69) 238 (60.87)
Clinically confirmed acne (n = 787) 0.006*
Yes 192 (24.39) 80 (20.20) 112 (28.64)
No 595 (75.60) 316 (79.80) 279 (71.36)
Acne severity (n = 192) 0.586
Mild 145 (75.52) 58 (72.50) 87 (77.68)
Moderate 44 (22.92) 20 (25.00) 24 (21.43)
Severe 3 (1.56) 2 (2.50) 1 (0.89)
Disability of QoL (CADI) (n = 192) 0.103
Mild 94 (48.96) 43 (53.75) 51 (45.54)
Moderate 76 (39.58) 25 (31.25) 51 (45.54)
Severe 22 (11.46) 12 (15.00) 10 (8.92)
Mean ± SD 4.95 ± 3.21    
Self-esteem among acne group (n = 192) 0.004*
Low 111 (57.81) 36 (45.00) 75 (66.96)
Average 70 (36.46) 36 (45.00) 34 (30.36)
High 11 (5.73) 8 (10.00) 3 (2.68)
  1. *p < 0.05 (significant)