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Table 3 Incidence of CHE at the three different levels of the CTP of the households for total, urban, and rural areas over 6 years in Iran

From: Trend and status of out-of-pocket payments for healthcare in Iran: equity and catastrophic effect

Survey year CHE for total CHE for urban CHE for rural
1991 40% thresholds 1.12 1.15 1.09
30% thresholds 1.93 1.98 1.88
20% thresholds 3.71 3.91 3.53
1996 40% thresholds 2.42 1.93 2.91
30% thresholds 3.98 3.18 4.77
20% thresholds 7.38 5.69 9.07
2001 40% thresholds 4.08 4.09 4.07
30% thresholds 6.75 6.54 6.96
20% thresholds 13.04 12.40 13.67
2006 40% thresholds 1.75 1.33 2.11
30% thresholds 3.72 1.08 6.00
20% thresholds 10.48 9.17 11.61
2011 40% thresholds 3.38 3.76 3.03
30% thresholds 6.43 6.85 6.04
20% thresholds 13.86 14.77 13.01
2017 40% thresholds 5.26 4.02 6.47
30% thresholds 10.88 8.63 13.07
20% thresholds 22.16 19.49 24.76
Trend coefficients (p value) 40% thresholds 0.607 (0.094) 0.488 (0.157) 0.723 (0.100)
30% thresholds 1.402 (0.039) 1.10 (0.136) 1.06 (0.032)
20% thresholds 3.118 (0.009) 2.91 (0.006) 3.31 (0.019)
  1. CTP capacity of pay, CHE catastrophic healthcare expenditure