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Table 2 KPIs for total, urban, and rural households over 6 years in Iran

From: Trend and status of out-of-pocket payments for healthcare in Iran: equity and catastrophic effect

Survey year KPIs for total households KPIs for urban KPIs for rural
1991 − 0.680 − 0.560 − 0.741
1996 − 0.608 − 0.600 − 0.544
2001 − 0.554 − 0.586 − 0.442
2006 − 0.265 − 0.199 − 0.319
2011 − 0.225 − 0.219 − 0.209
2017 − 0.207 − 0.189 − 0.165
Trend coefficients (p value) 0.1086 (0.003) 0.967 (0.025) 0.1144 (0.001)
  1. KPIs Kakwani progressivity index