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Table 1 Mean equivalized TE and OOP payment for health care of the total, urban, and rural households over 6 years in Iran

From: Trend and status of out-of-pocket payments for healthcare in Iran: equity and catastrophic effect

Survey year Mean E.TE total (SD) Mean E.TE urban (SD) Mean E.TE rural (SD)
1991 182,655 (473,718) 137,687 (588,989) 226,166 (306,352)
1996 362,793 (370,750) 469,789 (447,086) 255,600 (227,952)
2001 997,484 (1,469,453) 1,332,746 (1,967,313) 710,833 (719,879)
2006 2,453,703 (3,042,291) 3,161,533 (326,331) 1,843,366 (3,793,022)
2011 5,300,166 (5,115,093) 6,186,995 (4,116,561) 4,464,271 (5,866,648)
2017 10,313,116 (8,955,380) 12,927,756 (6,392,161) 7,773,356 (1,040,000)
Trend coefficients (p value) 1,912,018 (0.012) 2,285,321 (0.040) 1,471,271 (0.011)
Survey year Mean E.OOP payment for healthcare total (SD) Mean E.OOP payment for healthcare urban (SD) Mean E.OOP payment for healthcare rural (SD)
1991 3825 (24,939) 4632 (29,528) 3044 (19,465)
1996 17,673 (93,656) 22,382 (110,431) 12,956 (72,786)
2001 59,020 (548,010) 80,580 (791,694) 40,586 (143,075)
2006 165,244 (426,211) 217,035 (2,006,705) 120,585 (492,108)
2011 362,151 (675,707) 436,793 (789,606) 291,796 (537,671)
2017 1,094,500 (2,070,867) 1,373,426 (2,374,534) 823,561 (1,681,805)
Trend coefficients (p value) 188,372.3 (0.036) 319,090 (0.337) 143,403 (0.330)
  1. E equivalized, SD standard deviation, TE total expenditure, OOP out-of-pocket