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Table 6 Behavioral risk factors associated with knowledge of CVD (N = 212)

From: Hypertensive patients’ knowledge of cardiovascular disease in Calabar, Nigeria

Variable Total score Dietary Epid. Medical Risk Symptoms
Mean% (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Consume alcohol       
 Yes 41.6 ± 11.8 1.24 ± 1.0 1.76 ± 0.9 3.37 ± 1.4 4.26 ± 1.9 1.03 ± 1.3
 No 43.5 ± 11.1 1.76 ± 1.0 1.63 ± 1.0 3.35 ± 1.5 4.01 ± 1.6 1.43 ± 1.2
t test (p value) 1.2 (0.24) 3.6 (0.00) 1.0 (0.34) 0.1 (0.94) 1.0 (0.31) 2.3 (0.03)
Smoke       
 Yes 57.1 ± 12.4 3.0 ± 1.2 3.0 ± 1.2 4.0 ± 0.0 5.0 ± 1.2 1.0 ± 0.0
 No 42.6 ± 11.2 1.6 ± 1.0 1.7 ± 0.9 3.4 ± 1.5 4.1 ± 1.7 1.3 ± 1.2
t test (p value) 2.6 (0.01) 2.7 (0.01) 2.8 (0.01) 0.9 (0.39) 1.1 (0.29) 0.5 (0.65)
Active exercise       
 Never 39.9 ± 12.3 1.58 ± 1.1 1.75 ± 0.9 2.17 ± 1.2 4.25 ± 1.7 1.42 ± 1.1
 Occasionally (<once/week) 44.8 ± 12.3 1.42 ± 1.1 1.72 ± 1.0 3.86 ± 1.4 4.25 ± 1.9 1.31 ± 1.3
 Once or twice weekly 42.4 ± 10.4 1.68 ± 1.0 1.68 ± 0.9 3.26 ± 1.5 4.00 ± 1.4 1.26 ± 1.2
 ≥ 3 times weekly 41.6 ± 10.4 1.64 ± 1.2 1.45 ± 1.2 3.45 ± 1.3 3.91 ± 1.5 1.18 ± 1.4
F test (p value) 1.4 (0.23) 0.9 (0.46) 0.5 (0.69) 8.8 (0.00) 0.4 (0.72) 0.2 (0.92)
Consume fresh fruits       
 Never 37.7 ± 8.68 1.22 ± 0.9 1.43 ± 0.9 2.22 ± 0.9 4.11 ± 1.4 1.11 ± 1.1
 Occasionally (<once/week) 44.9 ± 11.7 1.71 ± 1.1 1.78 ± 0.9 3.61 ± 1.6 3.96 ± 1.5 1.39 ± 1.3
 Once or twice weekly 41.6 ± 10.7 1.64 ± 0.9 1.89 ± 0.6 3.29 ± 1.6 4.00 ± 1.7 1.29 ± 1.3
 ≥ 3times weekly 44.4 ± 12.2 1.44 ± 1.2 1.89 ± 1.1 3.59 ± 1.3 4.41 ± 2.0 1.22 ± 1.1
F test (p value) 2.6 (0.05) 1.4 (0.25) 3.4 (0.02) 4.7 (0.00) 0.8 (0.50) 0.3 (0.83)