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Table 5 Sociodemographic factors associated with knowledge of CVD (N = 212)

From: Hypertensive patients’ knowledge of cardiovascular disease in Calabar, Nigeria

Variable Total score Dietary Epid. Medical Risk Symptoms
Mean % (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Sex       
 Male 41.4 ± 10.4 1.66 ± 1.1 1.58 ± 0.9 3.25 ± 1.6 3.85 ± 1.7 1.25 ± 1.3
 Female 45.2 ± 12.5 1.43 ± 1.1 1.84 ± 1.0 3.53 ± 1.4 4.51 ± 1.7 1.33 ± 1.2
t test (p value) 2.33 (0.02) 1.5 (0.12) 1.9 (0.06) 1.3 (0.19) 2.7 (0.01) 0.5 (0.65)
Age group (in years)       
 < 30 45.4 ± 9.30 1.86 ± 0.9 1.79 ± 0.6 3.50 ± 1.3 4.57 ± 1.7 1.00 ± 1.0
 30-39 42.8 ± 12.7 1.50 ± 1.1 1.74 ± 1.0 3.46 ± 1.4 4.02 ± 2.1 1.26 ± 1.4
 40-49 42.5 ± 11.2 1.48 ± 1.1 1.79 ± 0.9 3.20 ± 1.5 4.18 ± 1.7 1.24 ± 1.3
 50-59 44.4 ± 11.7 1.38 ± 1.1 1.53 ± 0.9 3.64 ± 1.4 4.34 ± 1.5 1.53 ± 1.3
 ≥ 60 40.4 ± 11.4 2.10 ± 1.0 1.50 ± 1.1 3.07 ± 1.8 3.47 ± 1.3 1.17 ± 1.0
F test (p value) 0.8 (0.55) 2.7 (0.00) 0.9 (0.49) 1.0 (0.42) 1.6 (0.17) 0.7 (0.57)
Marital status       
 Married 42.9 ± 12.1 1.62 ± 1.1 1.71 ± 1.0 3.26 ± 1.6 4.09 ± 1.7 1.35 ± 1.3
 Unmarried 42.4 ± 5.68 1.35 ± 0.9 1.53 ± 0.5 3.88 ± 1.1 4.18 ± 1.9 0.94 ± 1.2
t test (p value) 0.2 (0.81) 1.3 (0.19) 1.0 (0.32) 2.2 (0.03) 0.3 (0.79) 1.7 (0.08)
Educational level       
 Primary or none 40.9 ± 43.0 1.53 ± 1.0 1.89 ± 1.2 3.33 ± 1.0 3.33 ± 1.9 0.78 ± 0.9
 At least secondary 43.0 ± 11.1 2.11 ± 1.2 1.66 ± 0.9 3.36 ± 1.5 4.18 ± 1.7 1.33 ± 1.3
t test (p value) 0.8 (0.44) 2.3 (0.03) 1.0 (0.33) 0.1 (0.94) 2.0 (0.05) 1.8 (0.07)
Occupation       
 Civil servant 42.8 ± 11.3 1.09 ± 0.9 1.65 ± 0.8 3.51 ± 1.2 4.47 ± 1.9 1.25 ± 1.2
 Public servant 45.8 ± 9.41 2.18 ± 1.1 1.94 ± 1.1 3.41 ± 2.0 3.76 ± 1.2 1.53 ± 1.4
 Business/trader 42.4 ± 11.4 2.10 ± 0.8 1.70 ± 1.0 3.07 ± 1.7 3.70 ± 1.4 1.30 ± 1.1
 Others 34.8 ± 16.1 1.75 ± 1.2 0.75 ± 1.4 3.25 ± 1.2 3.50 ± 1.9 0.50 ± 0.5
F test (p value) 2.2 (0.09) 20.6 (0.00) 3.5 (0.02) 1.2 (0.33) 3.8 (0.01) 1.5 (0.21)
Source of respondent       
 Ward 41.3 ± 6.5 2.11 ± 0.8 2.00 ± 0.7 3.22 ± 1.1 3.33 ± 1.0 0.89 ± 0.3
 Clinic 43.0 ± 11.7 1.53 ± 1.1 1.65 ± 1.0 3.37 ± 1.5 4.18 ± 1.7 1.32 ± 1.3
t test (p value) 0.6 (0.53) 2.3 (0.03) 1.5 (0.14) 0.4 (0.69) 2.0 (0.05) 1.4 (0.16)