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Table 3 Risk factors independently associated with pneumonia among under-five children (Results of logistic regression)

From: Pneumonia among under-five children in Alexandria, Egypt: a case-control study

VariablesAdjusted OR95% CIBS.E.P
Age ≤ 12 months1.9251.356–2.733.655.179< 0.001*
Male gender1.6461.162–2.332.499.1780.005*
Birth order ≥ 42.1541.282–3.617.767.2650.004*
Low birth weight < 2500 gm2.5621.718–3.821.941.204< 0.001*
Prematurity2.0191.154–3.531.703.2850.014*
Place of delivery:
 At home
 At a public hospital
5.669
1.616
1.063–30.237
1.131–2.310
1.735
.480
.854
.182
0.042*
0.008*
Presence of concomitant illness1.9021.043–3.469.643.3070.036*
Poor home aeration3.5861.971–6.5221.277.305< 0.001*
Exposure to outdoor air pollution2.4031.417–4.076.877.2700.001*
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, B beta coefficient, S.E. standard error
  2. *Statistically significant at P ≤ 0.05