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Table 3 Marginal effect of the factors associated with the frequency of ANC visits among women of reproductive age in Benin, West Africa, BDHS 2017–2018

From: Women’s enlightenment and early antenatal care initiation are determining factors for the use of eight or more antenatal visits in Benin: further analysis of the Demographic and Health Survey

VariableMarginal effect95% CIP
Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantaged status
 Tertile 1 (least disadvantaged)0.110.07–0.15< 0.001*
 Tertile 20.070.04–0.11< 0.001*
 Tertile 3 (most disadvantaged)0.050.01–0.090.018*
Maternal enlightenment level
 Low0.030.00–0.050.039*
 Medium0.100.05–0.14< 0.001*
 High0.110.07–0.15< 0.001*
Decision-making power   
 Low0.080.04–0.12< 0.001*
 Medium0.090.06–0.12< 0.001*
 High0.080.04–0.130.001*
Age at first marriage (years)
 < 180.080.04–0.13< 0.001*
 18–240.080.05–0.11< 0.001*
 > 240.100.04–0.170.002*
Family type
 Monogyny0.090.06–0.12< 0.001*
 Polygyny0.070.03–0.11< 0.001*
Timing to ANC visits initiation
 Early booking (within 1st trimester)0.130.10–0.17< 0.001*
 Late booking (after 1st trimester)0.01− 0.01–0.020.315
Preceding birth interval
 First birth0.100.04–0.160.001*
 < 24 months0.02− 0.02–0.050.310
 24–36 months0.090.05–0.12< 0.001*
 > 36 months0.100.06–0.13< 0.001*
Religion   
 Christianity0.090.07–0.12< 0.001*
 Islam0.060.02–0.100.004*
 Traditional and others0.080.02–0.140.010*
Health insurance coverage
 Not covered0.080.06–0.10< 0.001*
 Covered0.160.02–0.300.029*
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05; McFadden’s R-squared for model fitness = 0.28