Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of women attending ≥ 8 ANC contacts in Benin, West Africa, BDHS 2017–18

From: Women’s enlightenment and early antenatal care initiation are determining factors for the use of eight or more antenatal visits in Benin: further analysis of the Demographic and Health Survey

Variable≥ 8 ANC visitsTotalP value
No (92.0%)Yes (8.0%)
Maternal age
 15–19116 (95.9)5 (4.1)1210.219
 20–24260 (92.9)20 (7.1)280 
 25–29284 (90.5)30 (9.5)314 
 30–34181 (89.2)22 (10.8)203 
 35–39111 (93.3)8 (6.7)119 
 40–4438 (95.0)2 (5.0)40 
 45–4917 (100.0)0 (0.0)17 
Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantaged status
 Tertile 1 (least disadvantaged)309 (85.1)54 (14.9)363< 0.001*
 Tertile 2342 (93.4)24 (6.6)366 
 Tertile 3 (most disadvantaged)356 (97.5)9 (2.5)365 
Women’s enlightenment level
 Low422 (97.5)11 (2.5)433< 0.001*
 Medium291 (91.2)28 (8.8)319 
 High315 (92.1)27 (7.9)342 
Decision-making power
 Low273 (94.8)15 (5.2)2880.022*
 Medium213 (89.1)26 (10.9)239 
 High85 (87.6)12 (12.4)97 
Age at first marriage (years)
 < 18377 (94.3)23 (5.7)4000.029*
 18–24521 (91.7)47 (8.3)568 
 > 2474 (86.1)12 (13.9)86 
Family type    
 Monogyny624 (90.8)63 (9.2)6870.017*
 Polygyny326 (95.0)17 (5.0)343 
Timing of ANC initiation
 Early booking (within 1st trimester)441 (85.1)77 (14.9)518< 0.001*
 Late booking (after 1st trimester)440 (99.5)2 (0.5)442 
Number of children ever born
 1–3565 (90.7)58 (9.3)6230.056
 > 3442 (93.8)29 (6.2)471 
Birth order
 1st210 (88.2)28 (11.8)2380.042*
 2nd174 (92.1)15 (7.9)189 
 3rd181 (92.3)15 (7.7)196 
 4th149 (90.8)15 (9.2)164 
 > 4th293 (95.4)14 (4.6)307 
Preceding birth interval
 First birth212 (87.6)30 (12.4)2420.002*
 < 24 months114 (99.1)1 (0.9)115 
 24–36 months337 (92.3)28 (7.7)365 
 > 36 months344 (92.5)28 (7.5)372 
Religion
 Christianity457 (88.2)61 (11.8)518< 0.001*
 Islam383 (96.7)13 (3.3)396 
 Traditional and others167 (92.8)13 (7.2)180 
Sex of head of household
 Male856 (92.2)72 (7.8)9280.575
 Female151 (91.0)15 (9.0)166 
Ever had a terminated pregnancy
 Yes93 (87.7)13 (12.3)1060.084
 No914 (92.5)74 (7.5)988 
Health insurance coverage    
 Not covered1001 (92.3)84 (7.7)1085< 0.001*
 Covered5 (55.6)4 (44.4)9 
Marital status
 Not married35 (87.5)5 (12.5)400.523
 Currently married/living with a partner955 (92.2)81 (7.8)1036 
 Formerly married17 (94.4)1 (5.6)18 
Currently residing with husband/partner
 Living together812 (92.2)69 (7.8)8810.969
 Staying elsewhere143 (92.3)12 (7.7)155 
Wanted pregnancy when became pregnant
 Then731 (92.1)63 (7.9)7940.992
 Later210 (92.1)18 (7.9)228 
 No more66 (91.7)6 (8.3)72 
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05