Skip to main content

Table 2 Clinical findings on presentation and outcomes of the preterm and the term infants with bronchiolitis

From: Prematurity, a significant predictor for worse outcome in viral bronchiolitis: a comparative study in infancy

Variables Preterm infants
N (%)
Term infants
N (%)
*P value
Respiratory rate (mean ± SD) 54.7 ± 10.2 47.8 ± 10.5 ˂ 0.001
Respiratory distress (RD)
 No RD 10 (13.51) 28 (35.4) 0.003
 Grade 1 10 (13.51) 12 (15.2) 0.821
 Grade 2 16 (21.62) 13 (16.5) 0.536
 Grade 3 30 (40.55) 24 (30.4) 0.236
 Grade 4 8 (10.81) 2 (2.5) 0.051
Lethargy 28 (37.8) 9 (11.4) < 0.001
No drink 34 (45.9) 46 (58.2) 0.147
Seizures 4 (5.4) 2 (2.5) 0.431
Vomiting 16 (21.6) 36 (45.6) 0.002
Oxygen saturation (mean ± SD) 85.4 ± 13.1 90.6 ± 9.7 0.016
Duration of oxygen therapy (mean ± SD) 4.4 ± 1.7 2.9 ± 1.4 0.001
PICU admission 18 (24.3) 6 (7.6) 0.007
Duration of PICU admission (mean ± SD) 3.8 ± 1.3 3.2 ± 0.4 0.186
Mechanical ventilation (MV) 12 (16.2) 4 (5.1) 0.003
Duration of MV (mean ± SD) 3.3 ± 1.0 2.5 ± 1.0 0.128
Duration of hospital stay (mean ± SD) 5.4 ± 1.6 4.0 ± 1.6 0.002
Bronchiolitis severity score (BSS)
 Mean ± SD 9.6 ± 3.8 8.3 ± 3.3 0.045
 Severe bronchiolitis 36 (48.6%) 26 (32.9%) 0.051
  1. *P values < 0.05 is statistically significant