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Table 2 NSAID use by the study CKD patients (Alexandria Main University Hospital, Egypt, 2016)

From: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs among chronic kidney disease patients: an epidemiological study

NSAID use Frequency (n = 230) Percent
Types of NSAIDsa
 Ketoprofen 176 50.3
 Diclofenac 118 33.7
 Ibuprofen 81 23.1
 Ketorolac 9 2.6
 Meloxicam 8 2.3
Purpose of usea
 Headache 158 68.7
 Generalized pain 114 49.6
 Joint pain 101 43.9
 Renal colic 26 11.3
 Dental pain 23 10.0
 Menstrual pain 3 1.3
Pattern of use
 Frequency of NSAID use within last month
  Once a week 40 17.4
  Twice a week 92 40.0
  Three times a week 47 20.4
  Every day 51 22.2
 Duration of NSAID use
  < 1 year 28 12.2
  1–3 years 96 41.7
  > 3 years 106 46.1
 Regular use
  Yes 190 82.6
  No 40 17.4
 Number of NSAIDs used within last month
  One type 103 44.8
  Two types 92 40.0
  Three types 31 13.5
  More than three 4 1.7
 Route of administration within last month
  Oral 171 74.3
  Injection 2 0.9
  Both 57 24.8
  1. NSAIDs non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  2. aNon-mutually exclusive